III. Local knowledge
Hunters, farmers, pastoralists, fishermen and gatherers know a lot about animal behavior, grow cycles and useful qualities of plants, weather phenomena, food conservation, etcetera. While its documentation has taken off since the 1990's, local knowledge is rapidly becoming less distinct and detailed because of changes in land-use. Research on local knowledge can be very useful in ecological studies, irrigation works, rural developments programs, the discovery of new medicines, and many other applications. Maintaining the ethical standards prescribed by the Code of Ethics of the I.S.A. prevents the violation of intellectual property rights of the people who share their knowledge.
ethnobiology, local knowledge, traditional ecological/ environmental knowledge (TEK)
management, development programs, tourism
reference (in Dutch)
The Desert of the Bedouin (pdf)